Friday, December 27, 2019

The History of Prison Reform - 1631 Words

The History of Prison Reform Introduction The evolution of prison reform is a reflection of societys changing attitudes toward crime and punishment. Prisons have progressed from simple places for incarceration where the primary purpose is to protect the public to instruments of punishment where the loss of freedom is penalty for breaking the law, to institutions for reform dedicated to mould the guilty to conform to societys norms. Prisons were among the first public buildings erected in the New World. The city of Boston felt the need of a house of detention when the town consisted of a mere forty homes. Early American prisons were not conceived as houses of punishment. In English and American law, political prisoners and high-ranking prisoners of war were occasionally incarcerated, but few common criminals could expect such treatment. Almost the only time commoners were locked away was while awaiting trial, once a verdict was delivered, they were punished on the spot or released (Lynch, 2011). The eighteenth century transfo rmed not only the physical form of prisons but their function and their place in American consciousness. Discussion Initially imprisonment was a means of detaining debtors to ensure payment, the accused before trial, or the guilty before punishment. Courts imposed sentences including fines, personal mutilation such as flogging or branding, or death (Johnson, 2011). The only offense for which long-term imprisonment was common was debt, thoughShow MoreRelatedHistory of Prison Reform in the US Essay2067 Words   |  9 PagesWhen people think of reform movements, they often look for one key sign, and ask one key question of whether that the reform was a success. Did the reform create a lasting change in the way people view the institution that was reformed? All the great reformation movements, from Horace Mann and his education reforms, to Martin Luther, and the Protestant Reformation, to the civil rights movement, all created lasting change in the minds of the average person. One other reform, often overlooked historicallyRead MoreThe Get-Tough Effectiveness Of Juvenile Recidivism. The1037 Words   |  5 PagesThe Get-Tough Effectiveness of Juvenile Recidivism The reason for this research paper is to examine the history and the purpose the juvenile system. We will also examine the history and effectiveness of the Get- tough Law on juvenile recidivism, followed with the overall conclusion of the research. The Juvenile justice system has undergone many changes since its establishment in the 1890s. These changes were implemented by the desire to have a justice system which is sensitive and responsive toRead MoreCritical Review On Angela Davis873 Words   |  4 Pagesbeen focusing on fighting against the prison system. She is the founder of Critical Resistance, a national organization about prison industrial complex. Her book Are prisons obsolete? explores prison abolition. Are prisons obsolete? is published by Seven Stories Press in 2003. In Are prisons obsolete? Davis explores and critiques the current prison system. She researches and explains slavery, gender structure, the prison industrial complex . She argues that prison are undemocratic because they areRead MoreDo The time, Lower The Crime by James Q. Wilson and Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentences Waste Resource by Kevin Zeese1205 Words   |  5 PagesPrison reform has been talked about since the late 1800’s and early 190 0’s with the goal of giving prisoners better living conditions. Today’s issues involving prison reform have caused many debates on whether or not prisons should change their traditional ways and try to find a more suitable solution with prison related problems like overcrowded facility and huge sums of money being spent on these prisons. Two article that are going to be analyzed in this essay are entitled â€Å"Do the time, lower theRead MoreFoucault s Discipline And Punishment1211 Words   |  5 PagesThe eighteenth and nineteenth centuries experienced a surge of social reform movements linked to the Enlightenment, which transformed society into the modern culture seen today. Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punish examines how punishment was viewed and enacted prior to the â€Å"humane† awakening of the eighteenth century, while establishing the progression of change that shifted punishment from the body to the soul. Foucault was a student and profess or of philosophy and psychology during the twentiethRead MoreJails and Prisons History and Development Final1591 Words   |  7 PagesJails and Prisons History and Development Introduction Jails and prisons lay at the heart of the Criminal Justice System. These facilities helped forge the concept of rehabilitation. These institutions have changed over time and now reflect the modern methods of housing convicted individuals who need to be reformed or punished. Description of jails The clear concise difference between a jail and a prison is the time limit a convicted person is sentenced to and what offenses were committed. InRead MoreChangjiang Liu Essay 21476 Words   |  6 Pages This childhood memory left a deep impression of segregation on Assata. When discussing the origin of Assata’s radicalness, we can conclude that her childhood memory was one important reason. Shakur saw government as enemy. In her speech Women in Prison: How We Are that is documented in Let Nobody Turn Us Around, she drastically denounced the government that was mainly made up by white people: â€Å"Politicians are considered liars and crooks. The police are hated†(Marable Mullings 509). In other wordsRead MoreAttica Prison Riot and Prison Reform1362 Words   |  6 Pagessleep at night, suddenly disappears? This is exactly what happened during and in the after effects of the Attica prison riot of 1971. The riot created an incredibly immense shift and change not only in the conditions of prisons, but also in the security we feel as American citizens both in our penal system and American government. The Attica prison riot brought about a much-needed prison reform in terms of safety and conditions for inmates, which was necessary regardless of the social backlash it createdRead MoreThe Between Right And Wrong Essay1740 Words   |  7 Pageswho do not do the right t hing, it results in them going to prison. â€Å"Prisons became popular in the 18th century and by the late 19th century prisons were going through the ‘reformatory’ movement† (Prison History, 2016). This movement attempted to reform inmates into model citizens by providing education, work, and counseling. The goal was to give inmates a chance to better their behavior before they get out of the prison. They wanted prison to be a form of rehabilitation in a way. Unfortunately, becauseRead MoreHistory Of The Prison System1067 Words   |  5 PagesThe history of the prison system in the US is very extensive and encompasses nine different eras which include the Penitentiary era, Mass Prison, Reformatory, Industrial, Punitive, Treatment, Community-based, Warehousing, and the Just-desert era. Each era had its own strength and weaknesses that influenced each subsequent era that came after. the idea of a prison system came about from the colonist desire for a more humane method of dealing with criminal offenders. It was a key move away from corporal

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Pitch Perfect Movie Review - 1967 Words

Film Review Outline Name: John Carlo V. Balmes Film Title: Pitch Perfect Adapted From: Pitch Perfect by Mickey Rapkins Release Date: September 28, 2012 Director: Jason Moore Genre(s): Musical, Comedy Setting: Barden University Lead Actor(s): Anna Kendrick, Rebel Wilson, Skylar Astin, Anna Camp Main Characters and their Attributes: * Becca Mitchell – A musically-inclined reclusive girl who wants to pursue a music career, she joins the Bellas to please her father and finds herself being caught up in their world. * Jesse Swanson – A member of the Treblemakers who has a crush on Beca. * Fat Amy - A comedic and irresponsible member of the Bellas from Tasmania. * Aubrey Posen - One of the co-leaders of the†¦show more content†¦Theme(s): The theme of that film permeates Pitch Perfect and lends a heaping amount of inspiration to the final showdown between the two groups. Plot Summary: The Barden Bellas are a collegiate, all-girls a cappella singing group thriving on female pop songs and their perfect looks. After a disastrous failing at last years finals, they are forced to regroup. Among the new recruits is freshman Beca, an independent, aspiring DJ with no interest in the college life. But after she meets Jesse, from the rival all-male a cappella group, Beca has a new outlook and takes it upon herself to help the Bellas find their new look and sound and get back into the competition. Description/Summary: Beca, a Barden freshman, has no desire to go to college, but is forced to attend by her father, a professor at the university. Wishing to instead move to Los Angeles to pursue a career in music making, she takes up an internship at the school radio station, where she meets fellow freshman Jesse who intends to start to have a not-so-secret crush on Beca. When Becas father finds out that Beca has not been attending classes, he offers to let Beca go to Los Angeles (which he will help pay for) if she joins a club and proves that she wants to be involved for the rest of the year. After some persuasion from Aubrey, the group leader, and Chloe, she joins the Bellas (an all girl acapella group), along with a group of otherShow MoreRelatedWhat Should Be Limited?1208 Words   |  5 PagesWhat Should be Limited? Olaf’s Frozen Adventure, Star Wars: The Last Jedi, Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle, Pitch Perfect 3, Fifty Shades Freed, The New Mutants, and Avengers: Infinity War. These are seven out of the seventeen movies that appear when googling â€Å"movies coming out soon.† They stretch over various genres including comedy, action, children’s movies, musicals, and drama, however there is one common thread connecting all these movies; they are all either spin offs or sequels. In an ageRead MoreEntertainment Weekly Magazine Analysis : Entertainment884 Words   |  4 PagesEntertainment Weekly Magazine Analysis Entertainment Weekly is a weekly periodical featuring entertainment related news stories. The magazine is notable for featuring film, television, book, and music reviews. Unlike some magazines targeting specific demographics, Entertainment Weekly appeals to a broad audience. Considering many people of all ages have an interest in the arts, the magazine appeals to both young and old readers. The magazine features celebrities of all ages, along with typicallyRead MoreArt in Raw Form1434 Words   |  6 PagesArt in Raw Form The movie industry is for entertainment purposes. For many people, going to the movies is an escape; time to sit back and become someone else. However, once in a rare moment then a movie comes out that is not just foe entertainment and dares to address a controversial issue. â€Å"The Blind Side† and â€Å"Precious† are two movies that I was very surprised at my reaction to them. My reasons for wanting to see both movies were as different as night and day. I went to see the â€Å"BlindRead MoreSupply and Demand and Profit959 Words   |  4 Pagesfirms or industries can find a way to lower the total costs of production. When demand within a market increases, the equilibrium price of the product increases along with the quantity sold at the equilibrium price. If the market structure is a perfect competition, an increase in demand allows firms or industries to raise the price of the product as well as sell more of the product at the higher price. In this instance, total revenue increases and if the increase in total revenue is greater thanRead MoreMovie Analysis : Inside The Big Screen1961 Words   |  8 Pagesindustry is the leading company in entertainment. The whole process behind the film industry will be told from the main idea for the movie to the release of the feature film. Time to jump in and learn all about filmmaking. The first step in making a film, the development stage. The whole film starts with an idea, it could come from a book, could be a sequel to a preexisting movie, or a completely original idea. Once the idea is created the person who though the idea writes a treatment which is a short descriptionRead MoreFilmmaking Process Essay2090 Words   |  9 Pagestarget audience, success of films that were similar, and the success of the actors, actresses, and directors in previous films. These factors show how much the film will appeal to the target audience. Then they come together and form a film pitch. If the film pitch goes through and is successful, then they have financial backing to make the film. Then they make up contracts for everyone involved. At this time, only the second step, they’ve already developed their marketing strategy, which is how theyRead MoreMidnight in Paris2167 Words   |  9 Pagessuggestion by telling him, â€Å"You’re in love with a fantasy.† Wilson fits perfectly into the role of hardworking writer in the film and knocks the role out of the park. According to Rolling Stone Magazines Peter Travers, Wilson’s performance is pitch perfect to capturing the humor and gravity that Gil Pender’s role demanded. I have to agree with Travers because Wilson took on a few scenes where we were able to recognize his comedic rooms from other films. USA Today’s Claudia Puig doesn’t applaud Wilson’sRead MoreEssay on the Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration1845 Words   |  8 Pages Lata Mangeshkar- The Pride of India India, one of the highest movie producing countries, has many great singers. One such singer, who has been singing for the past 60 years is non other then my favourite singer Lata Mangeshkar. Lata Mangeshkar is and has been the most heard voice in all of India for some time now. Lata has been active in all Indian popular and classical music, sung film songs, ghazals , bhajans and pop (Nagma, 2004). Latas mesmerizing melodious voice has won fans all over theRead MoreThe Film Friends With Benefits as a Case Study To Explore Workplace Behavior2966 Words   |  12 Pagesapply theory appropriately. To do this, I have studied English Character is Dylan Harper played by Justin Timberlake, in the movie Friends with Benefits. This report seeks to apply course theory, and develop actions (the actions can be initiated by others, managers, work colleagues, family members and /or by the characters themselves). In effect, this report has used the movie Friends with Benefits as an enriched case st udy that allows viewers to explore the complexity and subtlety of workplace behaviorRead More The Devastation of the Indies and Movie The Mission Essay2335 Words   |  10 PagesThe Devastation of the Indies and Movie The Mission The Mission and Bartolome De Las Casas book, The Devestation of the Indies Although The Mission and Bartolomà © De Las Casas book, The Devastation of the Indies portray events that took place over two centuries apart, similar features and effects of colonization are apparent in each account. Slight differences in viewpoints are evident, such as The Missions portrayal of the natives in a more humane fashion, but this goes along with the evolution

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Literature Review Digital Technology

Question: Discuss about theLiterature Reviewfor Digital Technology. Answer: The aim of the present paper is to make fruitful comparison as well as contrast between perceptions of different authors regarding the particular extent to which higher education students exploit opportunities provided by digital technology for the purpose of learning. In the era of digital technology, education has highly become digitalized as the use of varied digital tools and methods have proved to be efficient for the aid of both learning and teaching. Utilization of digital devices like mobile, tablets, personal computer, laptops and digital board have now become some of the essential classroom devices in most of the academic institutes. With the help of the aforementioned digital tools the procedure for learning and teaching has become easier, effective and more attractive. However, it has been identified that the easy accessibility to digital devices and their user-friendly nature are instigating numerous learners to exploit the use digital technology for the aid of learning (Lai and Hong 2015). Several researches have proved that instead of using digital technology for the purpose of learning, students are making negative uses of the technology, which are directly affecting their studies, cognitive development and their social behavior (Gallardo-Echenique et al. 2015). According to Beetham and Sharpe (2013), in terms technological advent, development of internet and its use has affected every aspect of the learners life. The utilization of digital technology and specifically the exploiting use of internet are increasing particularly among the higher education students throughout the world. As per Murray et al. (2014), it could not be neglected that with the persuasion of digital education and use of internet in the academic arena has successfully empowered the students in refining as well as sharpening their skills and knowledge in subject specific grounds. As mentioned by Mishra et al. (2014), the easy accessibility to digital tools and internet has opened a Pandoras Door of danger and addiction. On the other hand, based on Selwyn and Bulfin (2016), it is not a concrete truth that nowadays students of high education level are exploiting the use of digital technology. The aforementioned authors claim that under proper instructions and monitoring, m ost of the time students make proper use of ICT tools and online resource sites like Google, Wikipedia and VLE. In the context, it is essential to mention that the study of McCoy (2013), has indicated that students use of digital technology is highly influenced the particular approach adopted by their individual lecturers or educators. Over last few years, education has started to take an omnipresent place in the society as well as in the premise of education. According to Beetham and Sharpe (2013), the reason behind the ubiquitous position of digital technology in the premise of education is that digital technology provides easy access to information regarding any subject or any educational field. However, as opposed by McCoy (2013), among most of the students of US universities, the number of using digital technology for non-class purposes is higher that the number of using digital technology for educational purpose. The aforementioned authors have also indicated the fact that use of digital technology among students of Universities, colleges and high school is increasing for fighting boredom and for entertainment rather than for education. It has been further identified that in terms of consequence, more than 80% of the students using digital technology have been found to provide less attention to the class and on their education (McCoy 2013). Almost each of the authors of the considered articles have indicated a similar fact that says, the use of digital technologies as well as digital media create numerous challenges for the educators and the students regarding the problems of control, power along with authority. Furthermore, almost each of the authors has pointed out the fact that the possible chances of misusing the digital technology among higher education students is increasing because digital technology is gradually turning to be personally-owned and wireless. It means students are more getting accustomed to personalized, self-directed as well as empowering activities with the help of advancing digital technologies. Nevertheless, while Selwyn and Bulfin (2016), have strongly implied that exploitation of digital technology among higher education students is majorly dependent upon the approach made by the lecturers, Beetham and Sharpe (2013), have said that it is the advancing digital technology that should be blamed for the misuse. On the other hand, as pointed out by Lai and Hong (2015), the use of digital technology in classroom learning in higher education has been proving contentious. It is because most of the time, the school authorities are not being able to put an end to the exploiting use of digital technology among the students. However, according to Gallardo-Echenique et al. (2015), the most horrible consequence of using digital technology for non-class purpose is cyber-bullying, cyber-crime, development of frantic behavior and depression. As per the opposition made by Margaryan et al. (2011), the claims of students making negative use of digital technology is dependent upon the shiftin g expectation of the students as well as the patterns of learning and utilization of technology. Nevertheless, majority of the considered researches has pointed out that the reason behind misuse of digital technology is the increasing demand of children and their parents tendency to provide their children everything in the name of education. On the other hand, none of the considered authors have neglected the fact that the advancement of IT premise is bringing varied of new learning styles, which have the potentiality to act most conveniently in assisting students in their academic field. At the same time, none of them have ignored the possible consequence that with the advancement of IT tools, the possibility for juvenile crime like cyber bullying, illegal Photoshop and visit to improper video sites are enhancing (Murray 2014). Therefore, it can be said that instead of having different perception regarding the misuse of digital technology among higher education students, one similar point has been found out, which is there is the need for digital technology in learning and teaching. Though the extent to which higher education students can exploit the use of technology is difficult for the educators to estimate most of the time. References Beetham, H. and Sharpe, R., 2013.Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age: Designing for 21st century learning. routledge. Gallardo-Echenique, E.E., Marqus-Molas, L., Bullen, M. and Strijbos, J.W., 2015. Lets talk about digital learners in the digital era.The International Review of research in open and distributed learning,16(3). Lai, K.W. and Hong, K.S., 2015. Technology use and learning characteristics of students in higher education: Do generational differences exist?.British Journal of Educational Technology,46(4), pp.725-738. Margaryan, A., Littlejohn, A. and Vojt, G., 2011. Are digital natives a myth or reality? University students use of digital technologies.Computers Education,56(2), pp.429-440. McCoy, B., 2013. Digital distractions in the classroom: Student classroom use of digital devices for non-class related purposes. Mishra, S., Draus, P., Goreva, N., Leone, G. and Caputo, D., 2014. The impact of internet addiction on university students and its effect on subsequent academic success: A survey based study.Issues in Information Systems,15(1), pp.344-352. Murray, D.L., 2014.A survey of the practices and perceptions of students in one catholic high school on the use of the internet regarding safety, cyberbullying, and sexting. University of San Francisco. Selwyn, N. and Bulfin, S., 2016. Exploring school regulation of students technology userules that are made to be broken?.Educational Review,68(3), pp.274-290.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Gilman Essays (1505 words) - Fiction

Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Gilman ?The Yellow Wallpaper? is about a creative woman whose talents are suppressed by her dominant husband. His efforts to oppress her in order to keep her within society's norms of what a wife is supposed to act like, only lead to her mental destruction. He is more concerned with societal norms than the mental health of his wife. In trying to become independent and overcome her own suppressed thoughts, and her husbands false diagnosis of her; she loses her sanity. One way the story illustrates his dominance is by the way he, a well-know and established doctor who should know better than to diagnose a family member, diagnoses her as having a temporary nervousness condition and what he prescribes for her illness, which is bed rest. Without asking her, he takes her to their summer home to recover from an illness that he doesn't believe she has. He tells her there is ?no reason? why she feels the way she does; she should get rid of those ?silly fantasies.? In saying this to her, he is treating her like a child who doesn't really know how she feels, thus making her doubt herself. When she tries to tell him what she needs, she is completely shut out and ignored. ?I sometimes fancy that in my condition if I had less opposition and more society and stimulus?but John says the very worst thing I can do is to think about my condition, and I confess it always makes me feel bad.? This statement has a two-fold meaning, in the first part of the sentence he reveals part of his insecurity problem. He is not interested in getting her help because he doesn't want her illness to be resolved with the right support. But in treating her with just bed rest, he is forcing her to dwell on her problems, which is just the opposite of what he wanted. In the second part of the sentence, it seems as though the woman doesn't want to believe what her husband is telling her thus setting the stage for her rebellion. All her husband wants her to do is rest and sleep: he even suppresses her creative talent by not allowing her to write. She is in constant fear of being caught by her husband; ?I must put this away, -he hates to have me write a word.? It seems as though John is being more of a father than a husband and because of this, she feels that she should be a ?good girl? and appreciate what he is doing for her even though she knows that his diagnosis is killing her. ?He takes all care from me, and I feel so basely ungrateful not to value it more?He took me in his arms and called me blessed little goose This is a clear indication of someone trying to run another person's life. By him not allowing her to write he is causing her depression to worsen. If she had been ?allowed? to come and go as she pleased, her depression may have lifted: ?I think sometimes that if I were only well enough to write a little it would relieve, the press of ideas and rest me.? Her husband is suppressing the one major outlet that will help her get better in her seclusion, ?writing.? By absolutely forbidding her to work until she is well again he is imprisoning her and causing her depression. John has made her a prisoner not only in their home but also in their marriage. Her opinions are not taken into consideration she's not even allowed to take care of her child. He imprisoned her in a room with bars on the windows and a ?great immovable bed:? that is ?nailed down.? She has no say in the location or decoration of the room, ? I don't like our room a bit. I wanted?But John would not hear of it. She can't even have visitors: ?It is so discouraging not to have any advice and companionship about my work?but he says he would as soon put fireworks in my pillow-case as to let me have those stimulating people about now.? The description of the room symbolizes what he's doing to her. The room is striped of all beauty and creativity. It is a conservative, conformative, sterile atmosphere, everything that he wants her to be. Everything that might help her is deliberately kept from her. He has isolated her and is continuing to force his therapy on her